EU Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP)
A crucial policy initiative in 2021 was the preparation of a new EU strategic document, the Strategic Compass. Its aim is to enhance the EU‘s preparedness and enable it to respond more quickly and effectively to security threats. The Slovak Republic has been actively involved in discussions and will actively continue to be involved in the process of preparing the Strategic Compass, with the ambition of its adoption in March 2022. In May 2021, the EU approved a new financial instrument for the area of the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) called the European Peace Facility and approved the first measures to strengthen the military and defence capabilities of our partners in Eastern Europe, the Western Balkans and Africa. Slovakia was part of a coordinated EU approach and common line in a continued effort executed by the international community to achieve a comprehensive political settlement of the conflicts and civil wars in Syria, Yemen, Libya and the countries of West and East Africa. The Slovak Republic continued its active participation in EU international crisis management. In 2021, it increased its presence in the EU operation in Bosnia and Herzegovina (EUFOR Althea) and also engaged in training missions in Africa through the EU mission in Mali (EUTM Mali) and the EU mission in the Central African Republic (EUTM CAR). Slovak experts continued to participate in CSDP civilian missions, the Advisory Mission in Ukraine (EUAM Ukraine), the Monitoring Mission in Georgia (EUMM Georgia), the Rule of Law Mission in Kosovo (EULEX Kosovo) and the Capacity Building Mission in Somalia (EUCAP Somalia). The Slovak Republic implemented its commitments under the CSDP Civilian Compact and cooperated intensely with the European Centre of Excellence for Civilian Crisis Management in Berlin. Slovakia and other partners from the European Union faced similar difficulties and problems in 2021. Everyone was looking for an answer to the question of how to deal with the difficult consequences of a pandemic on the economy of a country and society as a whole, while contributing to finding answers to the most fundamental challenges and dilemmas facing the European Union today. The EU‘s fundamental response is the recovery plan for Europe. Its successful implementation will depend on whether the Union will emerge from this difficult situation as a stronger and more respected actor capable of influencing what is happening on a global level.
Slovakia in the European Union
Slovakia has prepared its national recovery and resilience plan. It is intended to help with our postpandemic economic recovery in a way that will put green technologies, innovation and a more responsible approach to environmental protection at the forefront. In shaping a vision for vital areas of our life, the EU needs to listen to the voices of its citizens. Therefore, throughout the year, as part of the Conference on the Future of Europe and also in Slovakia, discussions by citizens and with citizens took place focusing on what form of Europe we actually want. In the EU, Slovakia has advocated strengthening the capabilities and capacities of the Union that will have positive impacts on the transatlantic partnership. It has consistently supported the EU‘s value-based Common Foreign and Security Policy and, in line with it, has also supported, in a number of cases, the use of EU restrictive measures to put pressure on regimes that suppress human rights.